All Covenants, between God and His people, are made and authored by God
Covenants by God are Divine Covenants, made by oath,
established, spoken, and sworn by God and are entered into and are between and with Him and His people.
Genesis 17:2, “I will establish My covenant between Me and you (Abraham), And I will multiply you exceedingly.”
Deuteronomy 29:12–13, that you (nation of Israel) may enter into the covenant with the Lord your God, and into His oath which the Lord your God is making with you today,
in order that He may establish you today as His people and that He may be your God, (Deut. Cov, Deut 29:1-30:20) just as He spoke to you and as He swore to your fathers,
to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Abrahamic Cov)
Covenants of God are Promises of God > Covenant Promises.
Promises of God (Gen 21:1, 28:15, 50:24, Ex 12:25, Deut 1:11, 26:18, Jos 21:45, Gal 3:18)
Covenants of God, between God and Man, come in two categories:
1. Covenants of God may have a Divine commitment, with No Human obligation (Unilateral Covenants).
2. Covenants of God may have a Divine commitment, with a Human obligation (Bilateral Covenants).
Unilateral Covenants (Un-Conditional Covenants) are made and authored by (God) and acted on by only one involved party (God), as in God’s “I Will” statements, (Gen 12:1-3)
irrespective of what the second party does (Un-Conditional).
This applies to Most Covenants (like Noahic, Abrahamic, Deuteronomic, Davidic, and New Covenant
[Unilateral Covenants are NOT agreements between two parties, Only God has a say in them]
Bilateral Covenants (Conditional Covenants) are made and authored by (God) and acted on by the two involved parties;
(God) the first party, as in God’s “I Will” statements (Gen 12:1-3) and (Man) the second party, as in “we will” statements (Ex 19:8, 20:19, 24:3, 24:7)
If either party defaults > then the Covenant is no longer binding (Conditional).
This applies to Covenants (like Adamic (Edenic) and Mosaic Covenants)
Covenants apply to: certain Men and their > Physical Descendants (Seed)
Genesis 9:9, “Now behold, I Myself do establish My covenant with you (Noah), and with your descendants after you;
The Lord, the covenantor, is not only concerned with the covenantee (like Noah), but with the covenantee’s future physical descendants (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Israel, Ps 105:6–11)
Like Descendants of > (Abraham, Gen 12:7, 13:15, 17:17, Isaac, Gen 26:3-4, Jacob, Gen 28:4, 13-14, 35:12, Moses, Ex 32:13, 33:1, David, 2 Sam 7:12, Nation of Israel, Ps 105:10)
Physical Descendants (Seed) are person’s that come forth from one’s body (Heirs)
As Isaac came from Abraham’s body, “one who will come forth from your own body, he shall be your heir.” (Gen 15:4)
Physical Descendants as seen in Genealogies of the OT and the NT. (Gen 5 + 11, 1 Chron 1-9, Matt 1, Luke 3)
Physical Descendants as seen in (Abraham, Gen 17:7, Isaac, Gen 26:3, Jacob, Gen 35:12, Moses, Ex 32:13, Sons of Israel, Ex 6:2-8, Deut 1:8, 4:37, 2 Chron 20:7, David, Jer 33:22, Jesus, Matt 1:1)
Covenants and the Promises belong to Israel
Romans 9:4–5, “who are Israelites, to whom (Israel) belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises,
whose (Israel’s) are the fathers, and from whom (Israel) is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.